Download A History of Indian Buddhism, From Śākyamuni to Early by Akira Hirakawa PDF
By Akira Hirakawa
The current quantity is a translation of the 1st of Hirakawa's two-volume historical past. It
covers the interval from Sakyamuni* Buddha to Early Mahayana* previous to Nagarjuna*
and contains the sessions on which Hirakawa did so much of his personal prior learn. From
1960 to 1968, he released 3 vital experiences on Buddhist associations: Ritsuzo* no
kenkyu* (A examine of the Vinaya-pitaka*), Genshi Bukkyo* no kenkyu (A research of Early
Buddhism), and Shoki Daijo* Bukkyo no kenkyu (Studies in Early Mahayana Buddhism).
These reviews, all popping out of his curiosity within the vinaya, verified his mastery of
Indian Buddhist institutional heritage. This study used to be relatively very important in his
formulation of a brand new concept of the increase of Mahayana *. through concentrating on the necessity to identify
an institutional base from which Mahayana arose, Hirakawa argued that stupa* worship
and the formula of Mahayana units of precepts supplied very important facts for the
development of Mahayana Buddhism.
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Additional resources for A History of Indian Buddhism, From Śākyamuni to Early Mahāyāna
K se m a an d D h a r m a d i n n a w ere fam ous for their know ledge anti frequ cnlly lectured to m e n . L ltp alav arp a was skilled in the use o f s u p e rh u m a n abilities, a n d K r s a y ju r a m ] a tta in e d a rem ark ably p ro fo u n d level o f e n lig h te n m ent. T h e n a m e s o f m a n y o th e r n u n s are re c o rd e d in early Buddhist lit e r a tu re . D etails abo ut m a n y o f the B u d d h a ls lay disciples a re know n. C itra was well versed in B u dd hist d o ctrine, a n d U g r a of Vaisali an d M a h a n a m a of the Sakyas w ere Famed for (heir alm sgiving.
At p resen t, it seem s im possible to arrive at a con v incing theory to explain the differences b etw een th e two positions. Initially, the Sri L a n k a n chronicles w ould seem to be the su p e rio r source because o f their detailed lists o f kings a n d the n u m b e r o f years each reigned T h e sources o f the N o rth e rn tra d itio n seem w e ak er because they state only th at m ore th an one h u n d r e d years elapsed be (ween the d e a th o f the B u d d h a a n d rhe accession o f A snka, wirhour lisiing the n a m e s o f kings a n d the n u m b e r o f years they reigned.
Because the elem en ts, the only real entities, were u n h a r m e d , the killing was o f no co n seq u en ce. K a k u d a 's theo ry o f rhe elem ents was a f o re r u n n e r o f Vaise^ika theories. T h e fifth heterodox teach er, S an jay in V a ira ttip u tra , was a skeptic. H e refused 10 give definite answ ers to q u estio ns, relying instead on ev a sive statem en ts. T h e skeptics' position was a p p a re n tly based on serious d o u b ts ab ou t the n a tu r e o f know ledge a n d on th eir investigations of logic.