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Download Adam Smith and the Virtues of Enlightenment by Charles L. Griswold Jr. PDF

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By Charles L. Griswold Jr.

Even if Adam Smith is usually considered at the present time as an economist, he used to be in truth (as his nice contemporaries Hume, Burke, Kant, and Hegel well-known) an unique and insightful philosopher whose paintings covers a huge territory together with ethical philosophy, political financial system, rhetorical thought, aesthetics, and jurisprudence. Charles Griswold has written the 1st complete philosophical learn of Smith's ethical and political suggestion. Griswold units Smith's paintings within the context of the ongoing debate concerning the nature and survival of the Enlightenment, and relates it to present discussions in ethical and political philosophy. Smith's appropriation in addition to feedback of historical philosophy, and his rigorously balanced safety of a liberal and humane ethical and political outlook, also are explored. this can be a significant reassessment of a key determine in modernity that would be of specific curiosity to philosophers and political and criminal theorists, in addition to historians of principles, rhetoric, and political financial system.

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Die Wertempfi n ­ d u n g »setzt immer e i n e sachliche Inhaltsempfindung a l s ihren 7 E. Boutoux, Wissenschaft und Religion. Leipzig 1 9 1 0, S. 280. 25 Grund und Kern voraus. Das Gefühl begleitet die Aufnahme ei­ nes Inhaltes i n das Bewusstsein, aber es ist diese Inhaltsaufnah­ me selber nicht; das Gefühl begleitet die Entstehung des Gottes­ gedankens, aber es ist nicht selber dieser Gedanke noch dessen U rsprung. «8 Und d abei wird diese höchst unsichere B egründung getragen von dem ebenso hypothetischen Unterbewusstsein, dessen Erforschung nach James eigenem Geständnis noch nicht einmal »ernstlich i n Angriff genommen ist« .

Die Logik ist vielmehr noch immer ern 29 eminent wichtiger, aber auch schwieriger Forschungsgegen ­ stand , was die modernen wissenschaftlichen Anstren gungen ( Couturat, Sigwart, Erdmann ) zur Genüge dartun. In der Psy­ chologie, die der Verfasser der Philos. nat. eingereiht h at, dürfte angesichts des heutigen Standes der Forschung und Methode doch der empirische Charakter stärker hervortreten, ohne dem metap hysischen Leitgedanken Abbruch zu tun . Diese kurze n Bemerkungen können aber streng genommen Gredts Arbeit nicht treffen, denn das Leitmotiv derselben liegt i n der Darstel­ lung der aristotelisch -thomistischen Philosophie.

Dann bezeichnet Unterbewusstsein ein zweites selbständiges Bewusstsein, unteres Bewusstsein. Das Unbewusste selbst wird wieder in verschiedener Weise verstanden als phy­ siologisch Unbewusstes, psychisch Unbewusstes ( Seele als Träger des Bewusstseins, unbewusste psychische Vorgänge, un­ bewusste psychische Dispositionen, Gedächtnisspuren ) u n d schliesslich a l s ein »erregt Unbewusstes« . Die zweite Gruppe, die sich durch die Deutung des Unterbewusstseins als unteres B ewusstsei n ch arakterisiert, weist ebenfalls manche Modifika­ tionen auf.

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