Violence In Society

Download Aggression and Conflict: A Cross-Cultural Encyclopedia by David Levinson PDF

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By David Levinson

An exam and comparability of the ways that diversified cultures show and get to the bottom of clash. seems at a number of varieties of aggression between members and teams, together with relations violence, capital punishment, animal cruelty and rites of initiation, and on the resolutions tried.

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The Blackfoot counted coup for bravery at close quarters in combat, including riding over an enemy, killing at close range, riding fearlessly against the enemy, or capturing a valued object such as a war shirt, a war bonnet, a shield, or a bow. As mentioned above, counting coup and the accumulation of coup symbolized bravery and was the way men earned public recognition as able and fearless warriors. For young warriors, counting their first coup was a major accomplishment, and all warriors remembered the day they counted their first coup.

1950) The Mashona and the Matabele. 25 Anthropological interest in cannibalism among non-Western peoples grew following the publication of Arens's 1979 survey, which led him to conclude that it is very unlikely that cannibalism ever existed in any culture. Other experts have subsequently taken a less firm view about its nonexistence, although the consensus now is that the past wisdom about its wide distribution and frequency were gross exaggerations. The evidence supporting the view that cannibalism never existed as a regularly practiced custom in any society is considerable.

Sokolovsky, Jay, ed. (1990) Culture, Aging, and Society. Deindividuation is the DKIXDIVIDUATION psychological state in which an individual loses a sense of his or her own identity and instead feels anonymous and unconnected. Psychological experiments show that individuals in a deindividuized state can be easily led to behave more aggressively than they would under normal circumstances. This is because when people feel anonymous they are less likely to be concerned with controlling behaviors that might be negatively evaluated by others.

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