Download An Introduction to Science Studies: The Philosophical and by John M. Ziman PDF
By John M. Ziman
Professor Ziman presents a coherent account of different views on technological know-how and expertise which are generally studied below a variety of disciplinary heads equivalent to philosophy of technological know-how, sociology of technological know-how, and technological know-how coverage. it's meant for college kids embarking on classes in those matters and assumes no precise wisdom of any technology. it truly is written in an instantaneous and easy variety, and technical language is seldom brought. it's going to entice scholars in a variety of clinical disciplines and enhances Professor Ziman's past books.
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Extra info for An Introduction to Science Studies: The Philosophical and Social Aspects of Science and Technology
The characteristics of the instruments used in research cannot be dissociated from the ' facts' observed with those instruments. The notion of 'observing' expands by analogy with the invention of more and more elaborate '-scopes'. A conventional compound microscope or reflecting telescope produces its visible image by the manipulation of ordinary light. What about the electron microscope, or the infra-red telescope, which make visual representations of patterns of electrical signals that could never be detected directly by the human eye?
For example, the Mendelian theory of combining and mutating ' genes' was strengthened by the discoveries of molecular biology, showing how these abstract entities could be 'modelled' chemically. 102 on Sat May 04 20:07:26 WEST 2013. 14 Hypotheses 29 ' models', presumably on the grounds that only well-articulated theoretical structures that can be realized as coherent systems are worthy of scientific consideration. Another essential property of a scientific theory is that it should be relevant. A beautifully articulated and self-consistent structure of abstract entities is of no scientific interest unless it is accompanied by interpretative principles relating it to the empirical world.
C. Fox, "The Case of the Floppy-Eared Rabbits: An Instance of Serendipity Gained and Serendipity Lost', reprinted in The Sociology of Science, ed. B. Barber & W. Hirsch, pp. 525-38. New York: The Free Press, 1962 Details of various accounts of a famous serendipitous discovery are compared instructively by S. W. Woolgar, 'Writing an Intellectual History of Scientific Development: The Use of Discovery Accounts', reprinted in Sociology of Scientific Knowledge: A Source Book, ed. H. M. Collins, pp.